There has been a democratic explosion recently in Algeria when president Bouteflika has decided it was time to indulge in some reforms in order to consolidate democracy. New political parties have been mushrooming since then. I wouldn’t be surprized to find out that the list of new parties I’ll publish here will become outdated tomorrow. New political parties are being born as we speak! Who would have thought that apathetic Algerians have so much politics in them! When you compare the process of conceiving a new political party, having it agreed by the beauraucratic authorities and all what goes with it with the process of conceiving a human child, bearing and raising it to become a responsible adult, you are filled with wonder at the brilliance of democracy. It exceeds biology! A party is born in a fraction of a second and it participates in legislature elections the second it is born! That is why this democracy thing is super awsome – it transcends biological, physical and beauraucratic laws and makes people positively bursting with politics. No wonder Hilary was so impressed and reassured she only needed to stay 4 hours in Algeria.
So, without further ado, ladies and gentlemen, I give you the newest kids on the block of the Algerian political arena (source):
- Front of Justice and Development (جبهة العدالة والتنمية), led by Abd-Allah Djaballah (عبد الله جاب الله)
- Party of Freedom and Justice (حزب الحرية والعدالة), led by former diplomat Mohamed Essaid (محمد السعيد) who was a Member of Wafa (considered as an illegal party by Algerian authorities due to its ‘islamist’ ideology).
- Movement of Free Citizens (حركة المواطنين الأحرار), led by مصطفى بودينة
- Union for Democracy and Republic (الاتحاد من أجل الديمقراطية والجمهورية), recently changed its name to Algerian Popular Movement (الحركة الشعبية الجزائرية), led by Amara Benyounes (عمارة بن يونس) former member of RCD and former Minister of Public Works.
- New Generation (جيل جديد), led by Djilali Sofiane (جيلالي سفيان) , former leader of Algerian Renewal Party (حزب التجديد الجزائري)
- National Front for Social Justice (الجبهة الوطنية للعدالة الاجتماعية), led by Khaled Bounedjma (خالد بونجمة), former leader of the Organization of Sons of Martyrs and a son of Harki according to his opponents. Famous for his photo with Cheikha Ne3na3a (Mint) in one of the cabarets in a Western Algerian city.
- New Algeria Front (جبهة الجزائر الجديدة), led by Djamel Adbessalem (جمال بن عبد السلام), former secretary general of the Movement for National Reform (حركة الإصلاح الوطني)
- Future Front (جبهة المستقبل), led by Abdel-Aziz Belaid (عبد العزيز بلعيد), former leader of Union of Algerian Youth (اتحاد الشبيبة الجزائرية). His trademark is embezzlement wherever he goes.
- Youth Party (حزب الشباب), led by Hamana Boucharma (حمانة بوشرمة), a university lecturer.
- Party of Dignity (حزب الكرامة), led by Mohamed Ben Hammou (محمد بن حمو), a deputy and former leader in the National Algerian Front (الجبهة الوطنية الجزائرية)
- National Front for Freedoms (or Liberties) (الجبهة الوطنية للحريات), led by Mohamed Zerouki (محمد زروقي)
- Front of Change (جبهة التغيير), led by Abdel-Madjid Menasra (عبد المجيد مناصرة), former member of the Movement of the Society of Peace (حركة حمس)
- New Dawn (الفجر الجديد), led by Tahar Beibeche (الطاهر بن بعيبش)
- Union of Democratic and Social Forces (اتحاد القوى الديموقراطية الاجتماعية), led by Noureddine Bahbouh (نور الدين بحبوح)
- National Algerian Party (الحزب الوطني الجزائري), led by Youcef Hamidi (يوسف حميدي)
- Democratic Youth Party (حزب الشباب الديموقراطي), led by Salim Khelfa (سليم خلفة)
- Front of Rightly-Guided Governance (جبهة الحكم الراشد), led by Aissa Bel-Hadi (عيسى بلهادي). Groups former members of the National Liberation Front (FLN), National Rally for Democracy (RND), university academics and media professionals.
- Movement of Free Patriots (حركة الوطنيين الأحرار), led by Abdel-Aziz Ghermoul (عبدالعزيز غرمول)
I also found this site for the Algerian Youth Front, but I don’t know whether it has been agreed by the Interior Ministry or not.
A list of established Algerian political parties can be found here.
I don’t know about you but I found it interesting that most of these new parties have the word “Front” in them. Some ridiculous names there too, such as my favourite one so far: the “Youth Party”.So here are the stats:
- Front: 7 occurrences
- Freedom and derivatives such as ‘Free‘ occur 4 times in the names of the 18 new parties.
- New and related such as ‘Change‘: 4 occurrences
- Youth and related: 3 occurrences. I counted ‘New Generation’ in here because it has the meaning even though it doesn’t contain the actual word.
- Justice: 3 occurrences.
- Democracy and derivatives: 2 occurrences.
- Development, Rightly-Guided Governance, Dignity, Patriots, Dawn, Future: 1 occurrence each.
I let you make your bets and draw your conclusions from this.
We’re really spoilt for choice here. I think we will have a chunky catalogue to browse through all these parties on election day. I hope Green Peace won’t find out about this environmental disaster, God only knows how many trees will have to be sacrified to consolidate Algerian democracy.