New Algerian Political Parties: Names’ Analysis


There has been a democratic explosion recently in Algeria when president Bouteflika has decided it was time to indulge in some reforms in order to consolidate democracy. New political parties have been mushrooming since then. I wouldn’t be surprized to find out that the list of new parties I’ll publish here will become outdated tomorrow. New political parties are being born as we speak! Who would have thought that apathetic Algerians have so much politics in them! When you compare the process of conceiving a new political party, having it agreed by the beauraucratic authorities and all what goes with it with the process of conceiving a human child, bearing and raising it to become a responsible adult, you are filled with wonder at the brilliance of democracy. It exceeds biology! A party is born in a fraction of a second and it participates in legislature elections the second it is born! That is why this democracy thing is super awsome – it transcends biological, physical and beauraucratic laws and makes people positively bursting with politics. No wonder Hilary was so impressed and reassured she only needed to stay 4 hours in Algeria.

So, without further ado, ladies and gentlemen, I give you the newest kids on the block of the Algerian political arena (source):

  1. Front of Justice and Development (جبهة العدالة والتنمية), led by Abd-Allah Djaballah (عبد الله جاب الله)
  2. Party of Freedom and Justice   (حزب الحرية والعدالة), led by former diplomat Mohamed Essaid (محمد السعيد) who was a Member of Wafa (considered as an illegal party by Algerian authorities due to its ‘islamist’ ideology).
  3. Movement of Free Citizens (حركة المواطنين الأحرار), led by مصطفى بودينة
  4. Union for Democracy and Republic (الاتحاد من أجل الديمقراطية والجمهورية), recently changed its name to Algerian Popular Movement (الحركة الشعبية الجزائرية), led by Amara Benyounes (عمارة بن يونس) former member of RCD and former Minister of Public Works.
  5. New Generation (جيل جديد), led by Djilali Sofiane (جيلالي سفيان) , former leader of Algerian Renewal Party (حزب التجديد الجزائري)
  6. National Front for Social Justice (الجبهة الوطنية للعدالة الاجتماعية), led by Khaled Bounedjma (خالد بونجمة), former leader of the Organization of Sons of Martyrs and a son of Harki according to his opponents. Famous for his photo with Cheikha Ne3na3a (Mint) in one of the cabarets in a Western Algerian city.
  7. New Algeria Front (جبهة الجزائر الجديدة), led by Djamel Adbessalem (جمال بن عبد السلام), former secretary general of the Movement for National Reform (حركة الإصلاح الوطني)
  8. Future Front (جبهة المستقبل), led by Abdel-Aziz Belaid (عبد العزيز بلعيد), former leader of Union of Algerian Youth (اتحاد الشبيبة الجزائرية). His trademark is embezzlement wherever he goes.
  9. Youth Party (حزب الشباب), led by Hamana Boucharma (حمانة بوشرمة), a university lecturer.
  10. Party of Dignity (حزب الكرامة), led by Mohamed Ben Hammou (محمد بن حمو), a deputy and former leader in the National Algerian Front (الجبهة الوطنية الجزائرية)
  11. National Front for Freedoms (or Liberties) (الجبهة الوطنية للحريات), led by Mohamed Zerouki (محمد زروقي)
  12. Front of Change (جبهة التغيير), led by Abdel-Madjid Menasra (عبد المجيد مناصرة), former member of the Movement of the Society of Peace (حركة حمس)
  13. New Dawn (الفجر الجديد), led by Tahar Beibeche (الطاهر بن بعيبش)
  14. Union of Democratic and Social Forces (اتحاد القوى الديموقراطية الاجتماعية), led by Noureddine Bahbouh (نور الدين بحبوح)
  15. National Algerian Party (الحزب الوطني الجزائري), led by Youcef Hamidi (يوسف حميدي)
  16. Democratic Youth Party (حزب الشباب الديموقراطي), led by Salim Khelfa (سليم خلفة)
  17. Front of Rightly-Guided Governance (جبهة الحكم الراشد), led by Aissa Bel-Hadi (عيسى بلهادي). Groups former members of the National Liberation Front (FLN), National Rally for Democracy (RND), university academics and media professionals.
  18. Movement of Free Patriots (حركة الوطنيين الأحرار), led by Abdel-Aziz Ghermoul (عبدالعزيز غرمول)

I also found this site for the Algerian Youth Front, but I don’t know whether it has been agreed by the Interior Ministry or not.

A list of established Algerian political parties can be found here.

I don’t know about you but I found it interesting that most of these new parties have the word “Front” in them. Some ridiculous names there too, such as my favourite one so far: the “Youth Party”.So here are the stats:

  • Front: 7 occurrences
  • Freedom and derivatives such as ‘Free‘ occur 4 times in the names of the 18 new parties.
  • New and related such as ‘Change‘: 4 occurrences
  • Youth and related: 3 occurrences. I counted ‘New Generation’ in here because it has the meaning even though it doesn’t contain the actual word.
  • Justice: 3 occurrences.
  • Democracy and derivatives: 2 occurrences.
  • Development, Rightly-Guided Governance, Dignity, Patriots, Dawn, Future: 1 occurrence each.

I let you make your bets and draw your conclusions from this.

We’re really spoilt for choice here. I think we will have a chunky catalogue to browse through all these parties on election day. I hope Green Peace won’t find out about this environmental disaster, God only knows how many trees will have to be sacrified to consolidate Algerian democracy.

29 thoughts on “New Algerian Political Parties: Names’ Analysis

  1. Algerianna,

    I see you mentioned the former positions of some of these parties’s leaders. So if I may, I would like to add more information on the rest.

    3. Mustapha Boudina: President of the association of the death-sentenced (moudjahidines by colonial France) and a senator appointed by Bouteflika.
    8. Abdelaziz Belaid: Also former member of the central committee of the FLN.
    9. Hamana Boucharma: Former member of the national council of the RND. I think his political path must be studied.
    11.Mohamed Zerrouki: A very rich man and member of the Coordination of Sons of Martyrs (CNEC).
    13. Tahar Benbaibeche: Former general secretary of the Coordination of Sons of Martyrs (CNEC) or is it the ONEC. Also former general secretary of the RND.
    14. Noureddine Behbouh: Former minister of agriculture and former member of the RND.
    15. Youcef Hamidi: Former member of Rebaine’s AHD54 party.
    16. Salim Khelfa: Former president of the ONJ (Youths National Organisation).
    18. Abdelaziz Ghermoul: Holds a chronicle in Elkhabar newspaper and he is one of its shareholders.

    sinon, you said something similar in your previous posts and you say it again today. I do not understand how you could talk of a democratic explosion in this context. I would think you believe it is one and the reforms are genuine ones and all, but in your previous comments I understand a different message…

    As to the environment, I believe the government should print only the lists they want to be represented in the new parliament.

    • I do not understand how you could talk of a democratic explosion in this context. I would think you believe it is one and the reforms are genuine ones and all, but in your previous comments I understand a different message…

      It’s irony! What is going on is ridiculous, most people don’t know the old parties let alone the new ones. There was a show yesterday on national TV about urging people to go to vote to counteract the ‘foreign intervention’ folks. Pathetic.

      • Ih I thought so in the beginning but your previous posts tricked me, you know when you said the elections were decisive, that people should vote and all…

        Oh and that Algerian youth front site. The name in French is translated into “Front du Jeunes Algériens”, probably Benbouzid’s system graduates

        • MnarviDZ

          I know yeah, that was before I had a closer look at the way they’re doing these ‘reforms’. It is impossible to find what these reforms are about exactly, but no matter what they are and what more reforms they will introduce, the way they’re going about it just gives the whole game away doesn’t it. One always wakes-up to disillusion with this lot.

          For the grammatical mistake: yes I noticed it and thought it was ‘cute’ lol

    • You are always grumpy Qatkhal, just look at the diversity of political ideologies that is represented in these new parties! I am thinking of creating Hizb Gartadje or more likely The Gartadje Front, which I hope will win your vote.

  2. We will soon have enough material for a ‘La Redoute’-politics spring season catalogue, the classic (oldies) and the ‘in fashion’ (newbbies) interspaced according to their age (I wonder how old Youth-Hamana Bouchemma is incidentally…) with a full section on tools of the trade (special feature on jails) and retirement-pyjamas (made of petroleum fibres). Do you have links on what these parties’ programmes are (if they have any) ? Very telling names and use of terms as you point out. The longer the name, the further from the intention. I would love to one day see Algeria officially registered as simply ‘Algeria’.

    • LOL NG! I hope it will be glossy because I like glossy catalogues!
      As for Boucharma, I linked to a vido of him in the post (provided also by MnarviDZ in his comment). He looks in his 30s. To think that this specimen is a university lecturer!

      Most of them do not have websites! I have linked to the websites of each party for those which have websites. Some have French and English versions as well as Arabic versions.

      I think you will find that most of them have the same populist programme.

  3. what is conservative in arabic
    I always thought that it is better to vote for an individual that for a party.
    It is really suprising what the symbols for candidates can be a pen,a scale, a shoe, a soccer ball and so on

  4. I hope that things will go on. We’re sick for kepting waiting for ever for an issue for this imroglio of Algria. May’s elections then presidentiel vote and here we are on teh end. The conntry will have anything for waiting. Isn’t it? or that’s it.

  5. I went through some of the youth parties websites, since i am supposed to be a potential target for them, and damn, they are neither inspired nor inspiring. Looks like they’ve all been raised at El Mouradia’s kindergarten and had Missiou Belkhadem teach them how to make a political program ”bel 3ajiin wal khouchaibaat”. And what’s with le Front du Jeunes Algériens, AMB!, and their in vogue speech about our sacred arabic and muslim affliation? Yeah, like our identity is only defined by these two elements, exit the amazighiya, mediterranean and african ones. Maybe they should join the islamic front then and call themselves ”les jeunes frères”. Hizb echabab, for instance think azawaj and atala9 are very serious issues to me. Seriously, would you please figure out a way to get me a job after i graduate, don’t worry about my personal life i’ll handle it myself.

    And who the hell is Ne3na3a? I do listen to Rai music but never heard of her, never mind a Ne3na3a gate.

    • El7arag

      Lucky you! You managed to have a glimpse of the programme of the Youth’s Party before they take the website down! Ne3na3a is a cabaret singer apparently, according to Annahar newspaper, her case with the son of Khaled Bounedjma was in court at some point – it was about some corruption charges.

      I had a look at the programmes of the Front of Change, Front of Justice and Development and the Party of Freedom and Justice and found that the latter has the most detailed programme:
      http://www.plj-dz.com/ar/2.htm

      The other two are too vague with the Front of Change winning the prize for the most vague programme:
      Front of Change Programme/ Objectives:
      Front of Change Programme
      Front of Justice and Development Programme/ Objectives:
      Front of Justice and Development Programme

    • MnarviDZ, that’s great! I’m watching it now, it’s really good, frontal and uncensored. Has this kind of openness been allowed on ENTV before? (The youtuber hasn’t uploaded the other 7 parts though, if anyone has a link to the full prog that would be much appreciated, was really looking forward to hearing what the girls present would say).

      • NG,
        Such openness is indeed very rare on TV (there is less control on local radio stations), but there had been some isolated peaks of relatively free debates in the past, at very specific times such as now.

        Some excerpts of the program (with the girls speaking) are available on-line. I saw them shared by DZCalling and MelissaRahmouni on Twitter.

    • I’ve seen this clip, it has made the tour of the globe by now lol

      It looks I’ve become too cynical, I think these are agent Smiths. When I think of how Khalida was slagging off the system, with such passion and now she is Minister of Culture. It’s all planned and it shows how the Algerian system has evolved to adapt to mustalzamet el 3asr.

      • Very interesting you should say this. The full programme was online in full yesterday evening and I watched it mesmerised. I didn’t know how to interpret it because I felt (and am) sat between hope and paranoia. I still have this nagging gut feeling that the entire point of all this free (free?) debate, just like incessant texts and other go-vote-manifestation is to put off people from voting. This also constitutes a great show for international observers and audience that the Algerian gov is truly open and democratic and proof of the zlabiyya is allowing that kind of criticism on state tv. So I went on reading the fb comments on the DZwikileaks and the majority of those commenting conclude as you do: these guys are DRS, or at the very least, State approved and stamped. Some even say they recognised several of the speakers as having already taken part in other ENTV shows.

        As you say, this is proof of an evolution in and of the system, a further level of this monstruous morphosis. I hope that they are like Pokemon, allowed three evolutions maximum, then self-destruct.

        • NG

          Oh really? Well, I don’t know whether the DRS is involved but I think it is likely that this serves the incumbent in their plans. Even if these people are genuine, one has to ask what is the point of showing them on national TV now? When a ‘free’ debate spring out like this out of the desert of no debate at all one has to wonder what’s going on. I don’t understand what you mean by encouraging people not to vote, how would that benefit the system? Even if people vote en masse, the alternatives on offer are such that it won’t matter, ballot stuffing and carousel voting will ensure the repartition in the parliament is as wanted by the powers that be. They copycat their Russian godfathers from the KGB and the Kremlin lol

      • I don’t know if the guys are DRS or approved by the system. But regardless of who they are, they have been used in order to create this buzz and this illusion of change. I take it as a “cause toujours!” message.

        • Algerianna, it just seems to me a lot more beneficial (and a more stable, sustainable road) that the regime maintains and nurtures this divorce status between people and politics as practiced. And so to falsely encourage people to vote (I say falsely because it is done ad nauseum and they must know that this will largely be offputting) is killing the proverbial two birds with one stone: nationally, people will keep disengaged from the current political arena (a lot easier to manage a disengaged crowd than a firecracker which may strike en masse), and internationally, their good boy books are ready for As as it looks like they do their bit to follow democratic principles.

          Whatever that the motivation behind the ENTV prog, I must say I thoroughly enjoyed it🙂

  6. I beg to differ. I do not think that these people are paid or state approved. It is just a debate to show that Algeria is democratic and allows free speech on TV. We had many similar shows in the nineties, and as Mnarvi rightly pointed out, we tend to hear a lot of “free speech” during election campaigns. This is a way of saying to the masses “look you can insult us all you like, even on national TV, but are you gonna change anything” Nope?

  7. NG

    You are probably right, a politically engaged population would be quite problematic so apathy does serve the regime quite well, I think the entire “Go and vote” campaign is directed to ‘foreign observers’. As if these are any more duped by this mascarade as Algerian people are. It’s so sad and pathetic really. Even Hilary faqtel’hom, she was quite stern during her visit, as if to say like this guy in the video ‘fiqou belli feqnalkoum’. But they don’t care, as long as they keep the koursi, they really don’t care about anything, anything at all.

    • Algerianna, you make it look like Hillary and co. really care. Both our and Western rulers only want things to look nice even if they are actually ugly. Just see how US and EU reacted to and congratulated Putin’s reelection with scores such as 99.6% for Putin in Chechnya…

      C’est un jeu de dupes kima yqoulou legwar.

      • MnarviDZ

        Hilary probably doesn’t care about anything but her hair do and suits, but the US do care about keeping them ‘terrorists’ where they are or at least finding ways to keep what they call the ‘radicalization’ process in check.

        Even we, Algerians people and government, don’t care what happens to Algeria, so I think it’s a safe bet to affirm that nobody gives a monkey’s either.

        PS: Just so am not treated to another ‘The US don’t care’ kind response, radicalization and terrorism has to do with US internal security and also for ‘stability’ of energy sources suppliers in the region. Also, mass emigration is a poblem for many Western countries, and a number of them want to control this by keeping people in their countries.

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